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Fırat University Journal of Health Sciences (Veterinary)
2018, Cilt 32, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 203-207
[ Turkish ] [ Tam Metin ] [ PDF ]
Investigation of Hypothermia and Hypoglycemia Complex in Newborn Lambs
Taşkın GÖK, Yusuf GÜL
University of Fırat, Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Internal Medicine, Elazığ, TURKEY
Keywords: Hypothermia, hypoglycemia, newborn, lamb

The aim of this study was to investigate the complex of hypothermia and hypoglycemia occurring in the first 3 days (especially in the first 5-12 hours) of the life of lambs.

The material of the study consisted of twenty healthy (control group), twenty mildly hypothermic and ten severe hypothermic lambs. After the general clinical examination of all the lambs included in the study (heart and respiratory rate, body temperature), blood samples were taken from V. Jugularis according to the procedure and serums were separated. The blood glucose level was determined by a glucometer from the whole blood samples whereas total protein and albumin were determined in the serum by a refractometer.

It was determined that the mean values of body temperature, respiration and heart frequencies were 39.36±0.22oC, 55±5.79 pcs/min and 146.9±9.37 pcs/min in healthy lambs, 37.66±0.48oC, 34.90±5.48 pcs/min and 72.40±10.15 pcs/min in mildly hypothermic lambs, and 36.49±0.34oC, 20.00±4.52 pcs/min and 51.00±4.35 pcs/min in severely hypothermic lambs, respectively. It was detected that the mean values of glucose, albumin and total protein of the blood were 103.20±30.07 mg/dL, 3.22±0.38 g/dL and 6.18±1.17 g/dL in healthy lambs, 55.25±13.29 mg/dL, 3.02±0.36 g/dL and 4.91±1.11 g/dL in mildly hypothermic lambs, and 20.20±4.83 mg/dL, 2.53±0.42 g/dL and 3.90±0.55 g/dL in severely hypothermic lambs, respectively.

With regard to the mean values of the clinical (body temperature, respiration and heart frequencies) and biochemical (glucose, albumin, and total protein) parameters, the differences between all groups were found to be significant (P<0.05).

It was attempted to replace the glucose reserves and adjust the body temperature to the normal level by administering colostrum via the feeding bottle or stomach tube or intraperitoneal glucose injection for the treatment of animals with neonatal hypothermia and hypoglycemia (mild hypothermia and severe hypothermia). All the lambs in the control group were alive while 25% of the lambs with mild hypothermia and 70% of the lambs with severe hypothermia died.

In conclusion, the early diagnosis and timely treatment of mild cases are important because of the high level of mortality in severely hypothermic-hypoglycemic cases.

[ Turkish ] [ Tam Metin ] [ PDF ]
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